Exploring Burton Island
Nature preserve trail teems with flora, fauna, and more than a few surprises.
Photographs and Story by Mark Nale
From the August 2018 issue
The white sand was soft underfoot
and the almost-glowing yellow blossoms of prickly pear cactus accented the otherwise sparse vegetation. A trio of glossy ibises left their perches in a scrubby pine tree, while an osprey soared overhead. Pines, black cherries, cedars and bayberries were scattered on both sides of the path — allowing glimpses of the bay between the trees.
This was my inaugural visit to Burton Island, and I was surprised to be walking through a sand-dune habitat this far from open ocean. As I soon learned, the 1.3-mile Burton Island Nature Preserve trail is full of surprises, including abundant wildlife and spectacular views.
In addition to dune habitat, the trail traverses a deciduous forest and a stand of loblolly pines, with views of open water and wide expanses of salt marsh. This variety is one of the trail’s strong suits — with the salt marsh a habitat most people rarely get to experience.
With help from the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Outdoor Recreation, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control acquired Burton Island in the fall of 1971. The price tag for the 250-acre addition to Delaware Seashore State Park was a hefty $1.9 million. However, thanks to forward-thinking people nearly five decades ago, the island was preserved as wildlife habitat and is open for public use.
“Burton Island is a perfect example of a nearly pristine maritime environment. It was a huge coup for the department to be able to pick up that resource in 1971,” says park Superintendent Doug Long. “It is a priceless piece of real estate with great views of the bay.”
The trail that I was walking has been a feature of the island since the 1980s. However, it was reborn in its current form after extensive work in 2008-09 to repair storm damage. The three main boardwalk sections were rebuilt with state-of-the-art materials, and an additional section of reinforced polypropylene boardwalk was also constructed to bridge a short marshy area near the beginning of the trail.
At the trailhead, a stone and earthen causeway lined with wooden posts leads across a section of Balders Pond. Indian River Marina can be seen in the distance to the south. According to Long, the causeway was constructed to keep the marina from silting in. However, the causeway’s construction was a “happy accident” that also provides easy walking access onto Burton Island.
Watch for wading birds, such as herons, egrets, willets and ibises on either side of the causeway, as well as waterfowl. Visitors could be greeted by a glossy ibis, yellow-crowned night heron, snowy and great egrets, mallards or even a surf scoter (a large sea duck that usually inhabits harbors and bays north of Delaware).
Although you might see mammals, reptiles and amphibians, by far the biggest wildlife attraction is the variety of birds that visit or live on the island. According to Cornell University’s eBird data, more than 200 species have been observed here. I walked the trail seven times during the last 12 months and saw different feathered friends each trip.
The “stem” of the lollipop-shaped trail takes you across a short boardwalk, through the dune habitat and to an intersection with the return loop. I usually take the right fork and walk the loop counter-clockwise. This fork leads across a 150-foot boardwalk with marsh grasses and some open water on both sides. The view to the north across the salt marsh is just spectacular.
On my first visit, a mixed flock of wading birds took to the air — herons and egrets. It was easy to see what attracted them, for hundreds of small crabs were scampering through the grasses and mud exposed by low tide.
The trail entered a wooded section where the path was carpeted with pine needles in places. A Carolina wren called from a greenbrier thicket, a pair of eastern kingbirds flew from tree to tree, and I spotted a yellow-crowned night heron perched on a dead snag. This was the first time I had ever seen a night heron.
The maritime forest opened into another marshy area, but I stayed high and dry on a 450-foot-long boardwalk. The trail meandered through another forested section and curved due east. Marsh pink — a small, neon-bright wildflower — brightens this grassy area. A deer that I startled crashed noisily through the brush.
As I walked through the third and final forested section, I spotted an osprey guarding its nest. Every turn in the trail offered something new to see. The terrain once again opened and a fourth boardwalk crossed a wetland. Just before the path intersected back with the stem of the “lollipop,” I photographed a barn swallow gathering mud for its nest and I discovered an egg-laying box turtle.
If there is one drawback to the Burton Island Trail, it would be the mosquitoes, deer flies, ticks and chiggers that can be found in mid to late summer. Signs warn about the ticks — both black-legged and lone star. “I hate to see families heading out there in the summer with shorts and flip-flops,” Long says.
Your best defense is to stay on the trail, wear appropriate clothing and use repellent. Even better, plan your visit for early spring or late fall.
“It is a refreshing hike that I love to take during the winter. There are no bugs and I almost always see a good variety of waterfowl,” notes Long, who calls Burton Island “one of the true gems of Delaware Seashore State Park.”
If you’re like me, after one visit you will heartily agree.
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